For a long time the means used for the installation and startup of an operating system have been the CD and the DVD. However, today most computers no longer have these types of readers. And it is that the arrival of USB storage devices with high read and write speeds has made them become the media used today. In this way, it is currently possible to take an operating system wherever we go or to boot the PC from a USB without problems. We will show how to create a bootable USB for an operating system in a very simple way.
These types of devices are what we know as bootable USB or bootable USB. Now, what exactly is it and what do we need to be able to create such a USB?
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What is a bootable USB and what is it for
Given that bootable comes from the English word boot, which means boot, we can say that a bootable USB is a bootable USB . A USB capable of running on a PC without having to have an operating system installed and that allows us to boot the system on any computer or even ours if it is damaged.
Now, for this we will also need an ISO image of the system. A file where the exact copy or image of a system is stored. With the USB device and that ISO image ready, all we have left is to use software that allows us to create a bootable USB.
While today there is no problem of finding high capacity USB drives, which offer high speeds and at a good price, the truth is that it is also important to make a good choice of the software that we will use to create our boot media.
How to create a bootable USB in Windows 10
If what we want is to create a bootable USB for Windows 10, it is important to know that Microsoft itself has its own tool. This is the Windows Media Creation Tool, which, as its name implies, has been designed to create installation media for Windows and will make the task much easier.
The first thing we have to do is download the tool and then open the executable file that has been downloaded to our computer. From there:
- Click on the option to create installation media (USB flash drive, DVD or ISO file) for another PC .
- We choose language, edition and system architecture .
- Select the ISO File option .
- We indicate the path where we want to save the ISO file and wait for the process to end.
- Click on finish and we have the ISO image ready to take in our USB
In this way, the operating system is downloaded directly, and the tool does everything necessary with our pendrive to work as a boot medium.
Rufus, the most popular for creating bootable media
Rufus is one of the most popular tools for creating a bootable media for Windows 10 or any other operating system. Next, we detail the steps to follow to create a bootable USB with Rufus:
- We download and install the program ( Download Rufus ).
- We run the program on our desktop.
- We choose the operating system we want to use from the Boot choice field .
- In the drop-down that appears right next to it we choose the Download option.
- Next we will be shown a small window in which we can choose the exact version of the operating system.
- The download of the image file with the chosen system will begin.
- Once finished, we can create the bootable USB with that file.
Other alternatives to create a bootable USB
There are many other programs that have been designed to facilitate this task and that we can get completely free of charge. Some of the most popular are:
- Universal USB Installer : A powerful and simple tool to create USB bootable Windows and GNU / Linux distributions. We choose the system or distribution that we want to save in the USB memory, the ISO file and the storage unit and a couple of clicks we will have everything ready.
- LiveUSB Install : Although it is a tool focused on creating bootable media for GNU / Linux distributions, LiveUSB Install also has a version compatible with Windows ISO images. Its operation is very similar to the rest of this type of tools, so in a comfortable and simple way we can create our boot SUB.
- UNetbootin : It is another application similar to the previous ones and in this case, in addition to having versions for Windows and GNU / Linux, it also allows you to create bootable USB macOS. It allows us to use an ISO that we have previously downloaded or use one of those offered by downloading the tool itself.
- LinuxLive USB Creator : A free and open source software compatible with the vast majority of Windows version and from which we can create a USB to install some Linux distribution. Ideal for those who want to try some Linux distribution without giving up their current operating system.