There is nothing worse than having our computer configured, with all the programs, all the data, and suddenly we start to notice that Windows is going slow. For many reasons, Windows may start to take a long time to load, some programs may take time to open and the overall experience of the computer may be disastrous. When this happens we have two options, either format and start from scratch (although we run the risk that the same thing will happen again soon), or try the following tricks and settings that will allow us to optimize Windows 10 .
Although many times the fault that Windows is slow is for some configurations and some programs that we can have installed, sometimes it just happens that our hardware is very old, obsolete, and needs a renewal.
Table of Contents
- Renew hardware to optimize Windows and make it work faster
- How to troubleshoot Windows 10 performance issues so it doesn’t go slow
- Update the drivers of your computer
- Configure Windows to perform better
- Activate the high performance profile to get the most out of it
- Control the programs that run at the start of Windows
- Free up space on your hard drives: erase programs, unnecessary files and much more
- Disable search indexing
- Does any process consume too much RAM or CPU? stop its execution
- Disable some of the features of Windows 10: notifications, suggestions and more
- Do you have malware? Scan your computer with a good antivirus
- A reboot from time to time helps improve PC performance
Renew hardware to optimize Windows and make it work faster
Update the hard drive by an SSD
In the event that our computer still uses an old hard drive, this may be the reason it is slow. Classic hard drives are cheaper and have more capacity, but today they are the main bottleneck through which the computer is slow. If we want our computer to go fast we must make the leap to an SSD.
It is possible to transfer Windows 10 from a hard drive to a new SSD easily and without formatting. We just have to follow the steps that we indicated in the previous tutorial to be able to update our computer in a few minutes and start enjoying the performance improvement.
Install more RAM
Another reason why our PC can go slow, and that can also be solved very easily, is the lack of RAM. If we are still using 4 GB of RAM, even less, it may be insufficient for Windows and programs, such as Google Chrome, to work well. Installing more RAM in the computer is very simple and does not require any additional configuration other than connecting the modules to the motherboard. If it is RAM gaming, we can activate the XMP profiles to make it automatic overclocking from the BIOS.
How to troubleshoot Windows 10 performance issues so it doesn’t go slow
Update the drivers of your computer
The drivers, although many overlook them, are of great importance for the performance of the computer. Outdated drivers are often the cause for a computer to malfunction. When we install Windows, generic drivers are usually installed. These will allow the hardware to function, although they will not allow us to get 100% of the performance to the equipment.
If we are using an outdated, outdated or bad driver, this is probably the reason why our computer is slow. And a simple update could fix it in just a few seconds. Windows Update allows us to update the drivers automatically, just like the AMD and NVIDIA programs. However, many times we will have to update the drivers manually , a task that, although it can be annoying and tedious, certainly worth it.
Configure Windows to perform better
When we install Windows, depending on the hardware we are using the operating system itself, it is automatically configured to give higher priority, either to the appearance, in case of having spare hardware, or to the performance if we are using a more or less modest hardware. The best performance option disables unnecessary effects and animations to devote more resources to other tasks.
To do this, from the system properties we will open the advanced system configuration, select the performance section and choose the option to adjust to obtain the best performance, as shown in the following image.
Now we only have to restart (although it is optional, it is recommended) and we can see how, although Windows may seem somewhat uglier, the performance has improved. And a lot.
Activate the high performance profile to get the most out of it
Windows has several power profiles installed on the computer. These profiles are specially designed for laptops and allow us to sacrifice performance in exchange for a longer battery life. However, they can also be applied to desktop computers, reducing consumption, for example, when we are not using it.
If we have Windows configured with a power saving profile, this will limit the CPU, disk and other components to spend less. And therefore, we may have energy problems.
We can easily change the energy consumption profile by scrolling to the Control Panel> Hardware and Sound> Power Options, or by performing a simple search in Cortana. Here we can see all the profiles we have in Windows, and the one we are using right now.
If we want to make the most of the performance of our PC, then we will choose the high performance profile and that’s it. Now Windows should go faster.
Control the programs that run at the start of Windows
When we install many programs on our computer, these are automatically configured to run at the start of Windows. In this way, when we turn on the computer, we will already have the programs (like Steam, Spotify, etc.) open and ready to start using them. And there are also other programs (such as Adobe, or Google Chrome) that enable services to perform certain tasks when turning on (such as looking for updates) that, little by little, are ballasting our computer.
One of the basic maintenance tasks of the PC is to disable all the programs that we do not want to start at the start of Windows. We can do this easily from Windows 10 from the task manager (Control + Shift + Esc), specifically from the home tab.
We can see all the programs configured to run automatically at the start of Windows and disable all those we don’t want to speed up Windows. In addition, we can also see the impact that each of them generates in the team.
In addition, there is a very simple and completely free program, Autorun Organizer , which allows us to disable or delay the automatic start of many applications to optimize Windows. This program also allows us to compare the processes with those of other people, to know if one is usually disabled or not, in addition to analyzing them in VirusTotal to detect possible viruses. A real gem.
Free up space on your hard drives: erase programs, unnecessary files and much more
If we have problems with Windows and it is slow, another possible cause is that our hard disk is almost full. If we have an SSD, although it affects, it has less impact, since the random access to the data and the null fragmentation of them makes everything work faster. But especially if we are using a normal hard drive and it is almost full, it may be one of the reasons why our computer is slow.
When the hard disk is almost full, surely the free space is distributed throughout the structure, so the speed of reading and writing the data decreases greatly. If necessary, we must decide to either buy a larger capacity hard disk, or free up space.
Windows 10 has several functions and tools to free up space. We can use, for example, the menu to add or remove programs to see which are the ones that occupy more space on our hard drive and delete them if we do not need them.
Or we can also use a program called TreeSize that allows us to analyze the entire structure of our hard drive to find out which are the folders and files that take up more space. This way we can eliminate them in case of not needing them and free space on the hard disk so that Windows works better.
Disable search indexing
File indexing is a function of Windows 10 that allows you to search for files, programs and other content on our computer instantly. This function is responsible for constantly analyzing the files on our hard drive, creating a database and, when we want to search for something, showing the results based on that database instead of performing a sequential search.
Indexing can be very useful. But having this feature means paying a price. A price that, depending on the type of computer we have, can be very high. Indexing consumes many CPU cycles, in addition to a large amount of battery. If we have a high-end computer, the impact is usually quite low. However, if we have a normal computer, or a laptop, it may be one of the reasons why Windows may go slow. And if we don’t usually use Windows search, this is undoubtedly an option that we can do without.
In the following article we explain how to disable Windows 10 indexing to improve computer performance.
Does any process consume too much RAM or CPU? stop its execution
There are programs that, for some reason, begin to consume too many resources from our computer. Google Chrome, without going any further, can eat several gigabytes of RAM and CPU cycles when we have a few tabs open.
If the computer normally works fine, but suddenly Windows is slow, then we must identify the culprit. The easiest way to do this is to use the Windows task manager, observe which are the programs and processes that consume more resources and close them by force.
When you open them again (for example, if Chrome was to blame), everything should work again normally.
Disable some of the features of Windows 10: notifications, suggestions and more
Windows 10 has many functions designed to make life easier for users. And the truth is that many of them are useful. However, it is also true that if our computer is relatively slow it can be a problem for Windows and make it go slow.
From the Windows configuration we can disable most of the functions that can give us these problems. For example, everything related to Windows notifications can make the computer slow at some times. Especially the option to get tricks and suggestions when using the operating system.
Also, if we use synchronization programs, such as OneDrive, Google Drive, Mega or iCloud, among others, they can slow down during Windows sync or check. If we have problems with Windows, we must disable these functions to save resources and speed up Windows.
Do you have malware? Scan your computer with a good antivirus
Viruses, Trojans and other malware are not only dangerous for our security, but they are also one of the main reasons why our computer can slow down. Malware is usually loaded into memory and is constantly accessing the hard drive and the CPU to carry out its tasks. Above all, if we have been victims of a cryptocurrency miner (a very common malware that uses our CPU to perform operations), it will be consuming most of the resources of the PC, so our Windows will be very slow.
If our PC is slow, one of the basic tasks that we must perform is to analyze it with an updated and modern antivirus to rule out the possibility that the reason why Windows works badly is due to some type of malware. Windows Defender, Kaspersky or Bitdefender are some of the best options we can find for this purpose.
A program called Process Explorer also allows us to check the hash of all our computer processes in VirusTotal so that we can know if any of them is a possible malware. It is not infallible, but it is a test that we can perform in just a few seconds.
Of course, we must bear in mind that our ally can easily become our enemy. And while an antivirus can help us detect and eliminate viruses from our PC, it can also be responsible for Windows slowing down. Be very careful with this.
A reboot from time to time helps improve PC performance
Finally, we want to remind you of one thing. Windows 10 has a quick start function that, when we turn it off, does not actually make a complete shutdown, but turns part of the memory (all the kernel and many open programs) to the hard disk so that, when you turn it on again, it Load that information into memory and the computer turns on much faster. It is a kind of hibernation, but more basic.
Therefore, from time to time we must do a manual restart of the computer. To do this, instead of turning off the computer, we must use the restart option of the start menu so that a full load, from scratch, of Windows 10 is performed.
A restart often resolves many of the Windows problems. And it makes the computer go faster, at least for a while.