How to avoid error when Windows does not connect to network printer

When connecting to networked devices, sometimes problems arise. This is what happens when we try to access a network printer with Windows and we cannot. The causes are diverse, since there is no fixed reason, but we also have a series of steps that we can take to try to correct the problem. We are going to explain what we should do if we suddenly see that we cannot access the shared printer.

Why won’t Windows connect to the printer

avoid error when Windows does not connect to network printer

The main reason, the most basic, is that we have disabled file and printer sharing. Even the firewall could have this sharing blocked and thus prevent Windows from connecting normally to the printer. We can easily solve it.

Another cause is a network problem . For example, if we are connected by a cable, it may be damaged. The same if we access via Wi-Fi, that we do not have good connectivity and problems appear because of it. We will have to detect exactly what the cause is and take action.

It is also possible that there is a conflict with the version of Windows . For example, that we have it out of date or that we have even recently installed a new version, but there has been a problem during the installation process and that has led to these types of errors.

Steps to fix this problem

So what can we do to fix this problem so that Windows can connect to a network printer? We are going to give a series of guidelines that we must carry out and be able to access our printer without problems, whether we use Windows 10 or Windows 11.

Turn on sharing

It is the first step we must take, since it is the main reason why Windows does not connect to the network printer. To do this we have to go to Start, open the Control Panel, Networks and Internet and click on Network and Shared Resources Center. You have to go to Change advanced sharing settings .

We will see different options, both for private and public networks. We will have to enable the boxes that indicate Enable file and printer sharing . This is what will allow us to connect our equipment to a network printer. If it is disabled, this may be the cause of the problem.

Activar detección de redes

Enable SMB 1.0

One option that we can take into account is to enable SMB 1.0 . By default, it has been disabled in Windows for some time. However, Microsoft‘s operating system allows it to be enabled if for any reason we need it. It is considered a protocol that is not safe, so precautions must be taken.

However, the ideal is to disable it again once we have solved the problem and have been able to access the printer. It is a simple process and that we can activate or deactivate at any time.

To activate it we have to go to Start, enter Control Panel, Programs and enter Activate or deactivate Windows features. There we must look for Compatibility with the SMB 1.0 file sharing protocol and enable it.

Habilitar SMB 1.0

If later we want to disable it, we simply have to follow the same steps again and, this time, uncheck the box and save the changes. From that moment, SMB 1.0 will not be active on our Windows system.

Use the Windows troubleshooter

If there is a problem with the network, one thing we can do is use the Windows troubleshooter. It is a tool integrated into the system itself that is used to detect possible errors that appear and see what the solution can be to make it work well.

We have to go to Start, we go into Settings, we go to Network and Internet and there we click on Network Troubleshooter . It will begin to analyze possible failures that may exist and will show us, if it detects it, what is the reason why we cannot connect to the network printer or any other element.

Check for updates

Another issue to take into account is that we must verify that Windows is updated correctly. To do this, you have to go to Start, go into Settings, go to Update and security and see if we have any pending updates or everything is correctly installed.

It may happen that we have to add files that have been hung in a previous update. That can lead to conflicts at the software level, especially when we are going to connect to the network. Therefore, everything that is pending should be updated.

If for some reason this is not possible, for example if corrupt files have been installed and we cannot go back, we would have to restore to a previous point. To do this, we must go to Start, we look for Create a restore point, we select the point that they recommend us or we choose the one that interests us and we continue the process. This will return the system to a previous state where it was working fine.

Test the LAN cable connection

If you are trying to access the printer wirelessly, you can try to do it over a LAN cable and see if that way Windows detects it correctly and works. Sometimes problems can appear with Wi-Fi networks and errors arise to connect other devices.

In the same way, you can also try using another LAN cable. It is possible that the one you are using is corrupted or an old version and not working properly. The category of the cable matters to achieve the best speed, but also to be able to connect without problems at a certain distance.

Another tip related to connecting, be it wired or Wi-Fi, is to see that the network adapter is up to date . To do this we have to go to Start, we enter Device Manager, we go to Network Devices and there we mark the corresponding adapter. You have to click the right mouse button and click Update driver.

In short, if you find yourself with the problem that Windows does not connect to a network printer, you can carry out these steps that we have mentioned. The normal thing is that it is that the network sharing is not enabled, but there could also be other errors as we have described. This can affect both Windows 10 and Windows 11, but the process to fix it is basically the same.